MILLATH COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATION
Prepared by ;
As gateways to knowledge and culture, libraries play a fundamental role in society. The resources and services they offer create opportunities for learning, support literacy and education, and help shape the new ideas and perspectives that are central to a creative and innovative society. They also help ensure an authentic record of knowledge created and accumulated by past generations. In a world without libraries, it would be difficult to advance research and human knowledge or preserve the world’s cumulative knowledge and heritage for future generations. It as a learned institution equipped with treasures of knowledge maintained, organized, and managed by trained personnel to educate the children, men and women continuously and assist in their self-improvement through an effective and prompt dissemination of information embodied in the resources. The library is an enabling factor to obtain spiritual, inspirational, and recreational activities through reading, and therefore the opportunity of interacting with the society’s wealth and accumulated knowledge. Library is also an instrument of self education, a means of knowledge and factual information, a centre of intellectual recreation, and a beacon of enlightenment that provides accumulated preserved knowledge of civilization which consequently enriches one’s mental vision, and dignifies his habit behaviour, character, taste, attitude, conduct, and outlook on life.
Library plays a vital role in learning English. Library promotes the student’s independent study. It promotes the progress of knowledge and preserves knowledge. It helps to develop vocabulary of the students. Vocabulary is an inevitable part of English language learning. It will help to increase student’s language proficiency. It facilitates academic researches. Library also encourage the speed reading. It helps to develop the interest in reading. Extended reading helps the students for improving language proficiency. It develops pupil’s linguistic competency. The use of library develops the students the power of comprehension, it is needed for English learning.
There are different types of libraries,
Academic library, Public Libraries, Special library, Virtual Library, all of which contribute to education and educational development in various different ways. Before accounting the role of the library in educational development abruptly, it may be pertinent here to recall the functions of these various kinds of institutions which are not often self-explanatory to the general public at which my present endeavour is primarily aimed, so that the various parts played by them in the furtherance of education can be distinctly and succinctly gleaned.
(a) Academic Libraries
They comprise of school libraries at the primary and secondary levels, College libraries, and University libraries whose prime objective is to meet the academic needs of the particular institution for which it is created to serve.
(b) Public Library
This on the other hand is most often called “Peoples‟ University”, in a democratic society operated for the people by the people that conserves and organizes human knowledge in order to place if freely in the service of the community without any distinction of occupation, creed, class, religion, or ethnicity.
(c) Special Library
A special library, which is concerned with literature of particular subject or group of subjects, in an institution which is created to serve the needs of some working organization, either a company, a research association or a government department. It is often established to save time which the staff, either executive or research, would otherwise employ searching for information
Education has been defined as a complex of social processes of acquiring knowledge and experience, formally or otherwise. The library can be seen as an extension of education. Library services are needed to keep the skills that have been acquired through literacy classes alive by the provision of good literature. If education is to have a greater share in the moulding and building of a happier individual and a better society, the providers of education must go further than their roles as literacy facilitators to a more practical role of providing libraries for sustaining the newly acquired skills of adult learners. Organizing a library to aid education calls for an atmosphere of friendliness and a useful collection. Education facilitators should involve librarians in planning education programmes and learners should be given library instruction. Libraries serve at least three roles in learning. First, they serve a practical role in sharing expensive resources. Physical resources such as books and periodicals, films and videos, software and electronic databases, and specialized tools such as projectors, graphics equipment and cameras are shared by a community of users. Human resources--librarians (also called media specialists or information specialists) support instructional programs by responding to the requests of teachers and students (responsive service) and by initiating activities for teachers and students (proactive services). Second, libraries serve a cultural role in preserving and organizing artifacts and ideas. Great works of literature, art, and science must be preserved and made accessible to future learners. Although libraries have traditionally been viewed as facilities for printed artifacts, primary and secondary school libraries often also serve as museums and laboratories. Libraries preserve objects through careful storage procedures, policies of borrowing and use, and repair and maintenance as needed. Third, libraries serve social and intellectual roles in bringing together people and ideas. This is distinct from the practical role of sharing resources in that libraries provide a physical place for teachers and learners to meet outside the structure of the classroom, thus allowing people with different perspectives to interact in a knowledge space that is both larger and more general than that shared by any single discipline or affinity group. Browsing a catalog in a library provides a global view for people engaged in specialized study and offers opportunities for serendipitous insights or alternative views. Formal learning is systematic and guided by instruction. Formal learning takes place in courses offered at schools of various kinds and in training courses or programs on the job. The important roles that libraries serve in formal learning are illustrated by their physical prominence on university campuses and the number of courses that make direct use of library services and materials. Most of the information resources in schools are tied directly to the instructional mission. Students or teachers who wish to find information outside this mission have in the past had to travel to other libraries. By making the broad range of information resources discussed below available to students and teachers in schools, digital libraries open new learning opportunities for global rather than strictly local communities. Reading a large amount of easy material has a vital role to play in learning to read fluently. Firstly it helps wean students away from the word by word processing of text, encouraging them instead to go for the general meaning of what they read, and to ignore any details they do not fully understand. Secondly, by meeting the same patterns of letters, words, and combinations of words again and again, students process them more quickly and accurately, thus developing a sight vocabulary. Consequently, students increase their reading speed and confidence and can give more attention to working out the overall meaning of what they are reading in addition many studies report that, extensive reading resulted in students making significant gains in other aspects of foreign language competence such as listening, writing and vocabulary. The first task for teachers east to find materials that their students will find easy and interesting to read from the library. If money is available, the task of assembling a wide selection of materials is relatively strait forward. High’ intermediate and advanced students will probably enjoy library and carefully chosen English language books, newspapers and magazines. The literature written for EFL learners is published in growing quantity, Varity and sophistication by both local and global publishers there are hundreds of attractive fiction and notification books appropriate to students of various ages and interests, including folktales and science fiction, thrillers adapted from best selling writers, classic, travel guides and novels based on popular movies or TV shows. Titles of books are listed in the catalogs of such publishes as Oxford University Press, Longman and Heinemann. No less than for older learners, reading materials for children learning English must be chosen so that it will be both understood and enjoyed. Carefully selected books of children’s literature can provide the core of a library. When money is scarce, building a library is more difficult but not impossible.
Thus myself conclude library is an essential tool to develop English language proficiency. It will create student’s interest of reading and it also helps to motivate students for using English confidently. It is evident from the aforementioned that libraries play a significant role in educating the citizenry of a nation. The utility of a library in educational development can at once be felt and generalized particularly when we look into the educational revival programmes successfully. Undoubtedly library has a positive effect on language learning, it provides increased exposure to English. The important role of comprehensible input in foreign language learning has been well documented by Krashen. But the impact of library may also be related to attitude. Many people find learning a foreign language difficult and feel more or less inadequate to the task. Successful usage of library can counter such a feeling of failure